Rajah Ayurveda
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HERBAL GARDEN AT RAJAH AYURVEDA
HERBS IN OUR HERBAL GARDEN
1. ADALODAKAM (ADATHODA VASICA)

It is a herb about 1-2 mtr height growing throughout in India. The name of this plant was derived from Malayalam. The leaves of this plant was not eaten by goats as it is bitter (Hence the name Adu (Goat) - Thoda (not touch). The leaf of this plant contains a volatile oil called vassessine which helps to soothen productive cough and also used in different type of bleeding disorders.

Medical preparation:- Vasarishtam, chyavanaprasam

2. ARYAVEPPU: (AZADIRACHTA INDICA)

Medium sized three which grows up to 12 mtr height. Leaf and bark of the tree contains an alkaloid called margosin it is a well known blood purifier and it is one of the best medicines used in various type of skin diseases. The decoction made from bark and leaf of the tree is used to clean ulcers and skin diseases.

In 1995, the European Patent Office (EPO) granted a patent on an anti-fungal product, derived from neem, to the US Department of Agriculture and multinational W. R. Grace and Company. The Indian government challenged the patent when it was granted, claiming that the process for which the patent had been granted had actually been in use in India for over 2,000 years. In 2000, the EPO ruled in India's favour but the US multinational mounted an appeal claiming that prior art about the product had never been published in a scientific journal. On 8 March 2005, that appeal was lost and the EPO revoked the Neem patent rights keeping the tree free of these patent restrictions.

Medical preparation : Nimbaid kashayam, Nimbarajaryadi choornam

3. UNGU-(PONGAMIA GLABRA)

Medium sized tree which grows up to 18 mtr height with numerous branches and sub braches. It is used in different types of ulcers and skin disorders.

The seed oil has been found to be useful in diesel generators and, along with Jatropha, it is being explored in hundreds of projects throughout India and the third world as feedstock for biodiesel

Medical preparation:- Varanadi Kashayam

4. ORILA (DESMODIUM GANGETICUM)

It is a herb which usually grows in Kerala, Assam and Bengal .It is well known for its cardio protective action. The decoction made from its root is useful in various heart diseases and also helps to strengthen the cardiac muscle.

Medical preparation :- Dasamoolam kashayam

5. KACHOLAM (KAEMPFERIA GALENGA)

It is a perennial shrub which grows throughout Kerala. The useful part of the plant is rhizome which contains alkaloid, starch and oil. It helps to improve the lung capacity. It is helpful in various disorders of nose and mouth.

Medical preparation :- Kachooradi choornam

6. KANIKONNA (CASSIA FISTULA)

It is a deciduous tree which grows up to height of 15 mtr. Its root and bark contains a volatile oil and 12-14 % tannin it purifies blood and also helpful in various skin disorders.

It is the national tree of Thailand, and its flower is Thailand's national flower. It is also the state tree and state flower of Kerala and of immense importance amongst Malayali population.

Medical preparation:- Aragwadarishtam

7. KARINKURINJI (STROBILANTHES KUNTHIANES)

It is herb which grows up to height of 1-2 meters its leaf contains potassium, root contains leupiol .It helps to alleviate various vata disorders.

The Nilgiri Hills, which literally means the blue mountains, got their name from the purplish blue flowers of Neelakurinji that blossoms gregariously only once in 12 years. The Paliyan tribal people apparently used it to calculate their age.

Medical preparation:- Sahacharadi Kashayam

8. KASTURIMANJAL (CURCUMA AROMATICA)

It is a shrub which grows up to 60-120 cm.Its useful part is rhizome which contains volatile oil and a coloring agent called curcumin . It is a blood purifier ,useful to improve skin complexion. Also useful in various type of skin pigmentation.

It is believed to play a role in preventing and curing cancer in Chinese medicine. In an effort to remove cell accumulations such as a tumors, Curcuma aromatica is often used.

Medical preparation :- Kasturimanjal Choornam

9. KURUNTHOTTI (SIDA RETUSA)

It is a shrub which grows upto 30 cm-1.5 mtr it contain an alkaloid called ephidrin. It also contain steroids, phytosterol,.It is a herb which has got anti vata property. It helps for the nourishment of different dhatus of body, cure various rheumatic disorder .

2nd half of 20th century the bark fibre was tried for rope manufacture, but it did not succeed.

10. CHANGALAM PARARDA (VITIS QUADRANGULARIS )

Known as Devil's back bone. It is a climber which contains calcium oxalate, carotene, ascorbic acid, and pectin .

The siddha medicine mentions it as a tonic and analgesic, and prescribes its use to help heal broken bones, thus its name asthisamharaka (that which prevents the destruction of bones).

11. CHANDANAM (SANTALUM ALBUM)

It is a small sized tree which grows up to a height of 10 mtr it helps to purify the blood gives cooling to the body, good for urinary disorder.

The Indian government has banned the export of the species to reduce the threat by over-harvesting. In the southern Indian state of Karnataka, all trees of greater than a specified girth are the property of the state. Cutting of trees, even on private property, is regulated by the Forest Department.

Medical preparation :- Cheriyachandanadi Tailam

12. CHITTARATHA (ALPINIA CALCARATA)

Shrub growing upto a height of 1.5 mtr .It contains Campheride, Galangin, Alpinin and the rhizome contains a volatile oil .It improves digestion and appetite ,one of the best medicines used in joint disorders, good for cough, cold & asthma.

Medical preparation :-Rasanadi Kashayam

13. KODUVELI (PLUMBAGO ROSEA)

Herb which grows upto a height of 1 ½ - 2 mtr. It is one of the best medicines for digestive disorder in Ayurveda. its root contain plumbagin .It improves metabolism also used in hemorrhoid, skin disorders.

Plumbago can cause Abortion in pregnant women.

Medical preparation:- Chiruvilwadi kashayam

14. TUMBA (LEUCAS ASPERA)

Shrub growing up to a height of 30- 60 cm. Got antimicrobial property ,helps to relieve fever.

15. TULASI (OCIMUM SANCTUM)

Shrub which grows up to 1 mtr. Leaf and flowers are the useful part. Antidot for various poisonous bites.Good for intestinal worms. Reduces fever ,heart diseases,cough & asthma.

Medical preparation:- Vilwadi gulika

16. NEELAMARI (INDIGOFERA TINCTORIA)

Herb which has got branches and subbranches and grows up to a height of 1.5 mtr. It contain about 50% indigotin.

The plant was one of the original sources of indigo dye.

Medical preparation :- Neelibringadi Velichenna

17. NELLI (EMBLICA OFFICINALIS)

Medium sized tree which grows throughout India .Its fruit contains vitamin C ,B complex ,Calcium. Fruit, root and bark are the useful parts.

It is good for improving the immunity power & memory.It is useful against hyperacidity, fever, improves eye sight & digestion.

Popularly used in inks, shampoos and hair oils, the high tannin content of Indian gooseberry fruit serves as a mordant for fixing dyes in fabrics. Amla shampoos and hair oil are traditionally believed to nourish the hair and scalp and prevent premature grey hair.

Medical preparation :- Chyavanprasam

18. PATIRI (STEREOSPERMUM SUAVEOLENS)

It is a tree which grows up to a height of 24 mtr. root, flower & bark all the useful parts.

Flower contains albumin, sugar & fat. It helps to reduce oedema, strenghthen the nerves. The ashes of this plant are used in the preparation of alkaline water and caustic paste.

Medical preparation:- Dasamoolarishtam

19. PALAKAPAYANI (OROXYLUM INDICUM)

Medium sized tree which grows upto a height of 15 mtr. Its bark and root contain crystalline substance called Oroxylum.

Cures diarrhea and also has healing action in ulcers, good for muscular joint disorder.

20. BRAHMI (BACOPA MONNERIA)

It is a shrub & the whole part of the plant is useful. Useful for improving memory power, intelligence, stimulates nerves.

21. MUKKUTI ( BIOPHYTUM SENSITIVUM)

Shrub which grows up to 10-25 cm .Whole plant is useful.Anti dysenteric. Cures ulcers and cough.

22. VETTILAKODI

Botanical Name: - Piper betle Climber; Leaf contains oil which is volatile in nature, alkaloid called aracene, cardinin,phosphorous, calcium and potassium. Useful part - leaf, root. Antimicrobial in nature, increases salivation.

Medicine Preparation :- Thambula rasayanam

23. KARINGALI

Botanical Name: - Acacia Catechu. Medium size tree; Bark contains catechin, tannic acid. Useful part- bark ,flower. Useful in skin disorders by its blood purifying action, used to cure tooth disorder s as it strengthens the teeth, used to cure diabetes.

Medicinal preparation: - Khadirarishtam , Khadiradi gulika.

24. KUDAMPULI

Botanical Name: - Garcinia cambogia Medium sized evergreen tree which grows upto a height of 10 mtr. Fruit contains tartaric acid , citric acid,phosphoric acid; Useful part: - bark , fruit; Useful to improve digestion , to cure gas troubles.

Medicinal Preparation :- Vyoshadi vatakam

25. NANTHIYARVATTOM

Botanic name: - Ervatamia coronaria. Shrub with numerous branches; Flower contains chemical like Kaempferol, Olivacin, Coronaridine; Useful parts - root, flower, fruit; Used in eye disorders, skin disorders

26. PANIKURKA

Botanical Name :- Coleus aromaticus; Shrub which grows up to a height of 30 - 90 cm; Leaf contain - Carvacrol, Oleanolic acid, Pamolic acid; Useful part :- whole plant; Leaf juice is good for cough & cold in children improves digestion.

27. MOOVILA

Botanical Name:- Pseudarthria viscida; Shrub which grow upto 50 cm.; Useful part - root, whole plant; Useful in cough, asthma, cardiac disorder & joint disorders.

Medical preparation:- Dasamoolarishtam

28. RAKTACHANDANAM

Botanic name:- Pterocarpus santalinus; Small sized tree which grows upto a height of 8 mtr.; Parts Used - bark; Bark contains santalin ,pterocarpin ,Oleanolic acid; Used to cure ulcers , fever ,headache and help to improve skin complexion.

Medicinal Preparation:- Raktachandana choornam

29. TIPPALI

Botanic Name:- Piper longum. Creeper; useful part - seed , root Contains - piperin, pipyatlin; Useful to improve digestion,cough, fever, diarrhea, got anti microbial action

Medical preparation:- Vyoshadi Vatakam

30. SATAVARI (ASPARAGUS RACEMOSUS)

Climber. Rhizome contains as alkaloid called asparagin also contains protein , fat, carbohydrate, Vitamin B1, B2, & Vitamin C; Useful part :- Rhizome, leaf. It gives cooling effect to the body increases breast milk.

Medicinal Preparation:- Shatavari gulam

31. SANKUPUSHPAM (CLITORIA TERNEATA)

Creeper; Useful part - root, flower, whole plant; Improves memory power, intelligence, root of the plant is anti-poisonous, used to cure mental disorders.

32. NEERMARUTU

Botanical Name:- Terminalia arjuna; Tree grows up to 20 mtr. Height; Useful part - bark. Bark contains Calcium carbonate & magnesium. It strengthens the cardiac muscles.

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